Our Skincare Ingredients
Vedani Botanicals’ skincare oils are blends of pure botanical oils and extracts, chosen specifically for their skin benefiting properties. That’s all, nothing else is added.
JOJOBA SEED OIL (SIMMONDSIA CHINENSIS)
The unusual chemical composition of the jojoba oil makes it a liquid wax rather than an oil. It is similar to the skin’s natural oil – sebum – and combines with it easily.
Jojoba oil is often used in skincare products for the dry skin as it has been found to be excellent at helping to prevent dehydration. Jojoba has a reputation for being suitable for all skin types but it might feel a little too ‘heavy’ for oily skin.
Jojoba oil contains oleic, palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic and alpha-linolenic fatty acids, as well as rather rare icosanoic and docosenoic acid/erucic fatty acids.
POMEGRANATE SEED OIL (PUNICA GRANATUM)
Pomegranate seed oil has an unusual texture, which adds a ‘silkiness’ to skincare formulations.
It is highly prized for its regenerative properties. It is soothing to irritated skin and wonderful for dehydrated skin. I absolutely adore pomegranate seed oil, it has amazing properties. It contains a high quantity of punicic acid, a rare Omega-5 fatty acid, with outstanding skin benefits and as well as some unusual antioxidants - ellagic acid and gallic acid, to name a few.
SAFFLOWER SEED OIL (CARTHAMUS TINCTORIUS)
Safflower oil is a light, easily absorbed and non pore clogging oil. It has one of the highest levels of linoleic fatty acid, an Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, found in plant oil which makes it ideal for the skin prone to breakouts.
Safflower oil has a shelf life much longer than is typically observed for the oils with such a high polyunsaturated fatty acids content. I attribute this to the fair content of Vitamin E.
SEA BUCKTHORN SEED AND FRUIT OIL (HIPPOPHAE RHAMNOIDES)
Sea buckthorn oil has an intense deep orange colour, this is which indicates that it is jam packed full of skin loving beta-carotene. Sea buckthorn is credited with being nature’s most abundant source of Omega-7 fatty acid contents.
Just some of the compounds within the oil include: Omega-3 and Omega-6 essential fatty acids and the rare Omega-7 fatty acid – cis-vaccenic acid – as well as vitamins E & K, carotenoids and flavonoids.
ANTIOXIDANT VITAMIN E (TOCOPHEROL)
Natural (non GMO) vitamin E is an effective antioxidant often used in skin care products because it is believed to play a role in encouraging skin healing and scar reduction.
I find that it soothes and softens the skin and can help protect against dehydration.
It also extends the shelf life of the oils by slowing down their oxidation.
LAVENDER (LAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA)
Steam distilled lavender flower essential oil is possibly the most well known best known of all essential oils. It is thought of as having a feminine aroma, however, when well skillfully blended with woods and citruses, its aroma is not as apparent and it acts as a “rounding” scent.
In aromatherapy skin care it is used to soothe and calm aiding skin issues such as acne, allergies, bruises, burns, dermatitis, grazes, insect bites, insect repellent, itching, scars, sores and stretch marks.
SEE BELOW FOR A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF:
Volatile plant oils (essential oils)
Fixed plant oils (carrier oils)
Fatty acids - a slightly more in depth look at the fixed plant oils
VOLATILE PLANT OILS
Volatile oils are more commonly known as essential oils. Essential oils such as geranium, lavender, mandarin and vetiver are used at tiny percentages in skincare as they are extremely potent. Essential oils are carefully chosen for their many skin beneficial properties, their aroma can also be a bonus.
Most of the essential oils I use are certified organic, however I sometimes use oils from wild crafted or traditionally farmed plants.
FIXED PLANT OILS
Fixed plant oils are fatty oils extracted from seeds, kernels, nuts and fruit pulps.
Oils, such as apricot, borage and jojoba are all classified as fixed oils, they are also commonly called carrier, base or vegetable oil.
These plant oils provide the cleansing and or moisturising element to the skincare oils, as well as phytosterols, vitamins and antioxidants.
The plant oils I select for my formulations are extracted with as minimal as possible processing to ensure they retain their phytonutrients and beneficial properties.
They are cold pressed are unrefined, they have not been treated with heat or artificial chemicals - they are not bleached, deodorised or winterised.
I use mainly certified organic fixed plant oils, however in some cases, I may use oils from wild crafted or traditionally farmed plants.
Selecting plant oils for skin care formulations is a real art, a fine balance. Each fixed plant oil has a unique composition of fatty acids and various other nutrients, which provide numerous skin benefits and will also influence the texture, the ‘feel’ of the product on the skin.
Fatty acids are found in fixed plant oils. They can be divided into 3 families:
Saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated.
Plant oils rich in saturated fatty acids and monounsaturated have a rich consistency and are slower to absorb into the skin. They provide a thin protective “film” on the skin, this which is helpful for a dry skin which lacks lacking natural skin oils, but often too heavy for oily or normal skin.
Fatty acids are classed as either short, medium, long or very long chain.
Plant oils rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids tend to be lightweight and absorb easily into the skin. This property also plays an important part in reducing water loss from the skin.
I find plant oils rich in particular polyunsaturated fatty acids are a must in all skincare formulations. I use mainly polyunsaturated fatty acid rich plant oils for problematic skins prone to clogged pores and breakouts.
Whereas for dry skin, I combine polyunsaturated fatty acid rich oils with very long, long and medium chain saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids.
Depending on the plant oils chosen the blend will have a range of properties to aid that particular skin’s needs and concerns.
I have developed these blends using trusted well researched articles, publications and reports, which I have spent many years studying. On a practical level I have spent over 20 years making formulations for myself, family, friends and clients, who continue to use my creations year after year.
Some specific fatty acids are now commonly mentioned in media. Below, I have provided a list of fatty acids found in the skincare oil formulations. For those interested in skincare ingredients, I thought you would enjoy being able to check who is who in the fatty acids world. Each fatty acid has particular properties.
SATURATED FATTY ACIDS
Eicosanoic acid (also known as arachidic fatty acid)
MONOUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS
Omega 7: Palmitoleic acid and cis-vaccenic acid
Omega 9: Oleic acid and docosenoic acid/erucic acid
Omega 11: Gadoleic acid/9-eicosenoic acid
POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS
Omega 3: Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and stearidonic acid (SDA)
Omega 5: Punicic acid (CLnA)
Omega 6: Linoleic acid (LA) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA)
RETREATS WORKSHOPS AND CONSULTANCY
If aromatherapy, natural product formulation and perfumery interest you and you would like to learn more, please do enquire about our retreats, workshops and consultations on firstname.lastname@example.org.